Cost efficiency

Cost efficiency

The constant improvement of cost effectiveness remains fundamental to the preservation and improvement of the availability and functioning of the weapon systems.

Cost transparency as part of Lifecycle Cost Management (LCCM) requires a common understanding by all stakeholders of the structure and content of elements that generate costs. This is achieved by producing a precise definition of the cost structure and the types of costs defined in the LCCM.

  1. LCCM
  2. Logistic analysis using simulation
  3. Studies

Logistic Strategy

Logistic Strategy

The logistic strategy describes a concept for the operational and support services. This is the basis for the planning, implementation and documentation of the logistical support, including the necessary resources.

  1. Service Level (Make or Buy decision)
  2. Concepts:
    1. Project-related logistics concept (PLK)
    2. Equipment maintenance concept (MEK)
    3. Device maintenance concept (GIK)

Logistic Strategy

Service Level

  • Service levels are defined operational and support services. The services that should be provided by the public contracting authority and those that should be provided by the industry must be decided as part of the development and adaptation of the logistical strategy.

  • Simulations and modelling are used by ESG to support you in:

    • Make or Buy decisions regarding services
    • Definition of the related requirements, the Service Level Objectives (SLO)
    • Definition of the related Service Level Agreements (SLAs)
    • Definition of performance parameters for compliance of SLAs, the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).
    • Monitoring of defined SLAs and their KPIs
    • Regular critical checking that SLAs are achieving their predefined objectives (SLOs).
    • Optimisation and adjustment of existing contracts
Logistic Strategy

Project-related Logistic Concept (PLK)

  • The Project-related Logistic Concept (PLK) contains the detailed information for the planning, implementation and coordination of the necessary Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) elements. The PLK must first be created in the analysis phase. It must be updated throughout the lifecycle.

Logistic Strategy

Equipment Mainentance Concept (MEK)

  • The equipment maintenance concept (MEK) applies to statements about the possibilities and restrictions of maintenance. The equipment maintenance strategy for operation determines the required repair levels and the activities to be carried out by the user.

  • The MEK is developed and is as part of the Logistics Support Analysis (LSA), and is continuously adapted over the product lifecycle. It includes:

    • Justification of all support Services
      • Operational requirements
      • Costs
    • Preventative maintenance
    • Condition Based Maintenance (CBM)
    • Corrective maintenance
    • Maintenance Levels
    • Maintenance in operation

    Standards used: MIL-STD-1388-1A, MIL-STD-1388-2B, ASD S3000L, DEF-0060 and MIL-PRF-49506

Logistic Strategy

Device Maintenance Concept (GIK)

  • The device maintenance concept (GIK) applies a statement of the individual equipment maintenance measures to each module/ Line Repairable Unit (LRU). This statement is based on the regulations of the Bundeswehr.

  • The GIK contains the following information:

    • Device break
    • Possible repair procedure
    • Repairer (civil/military)
    • Equipment maintenance activities
    • Meantime Between Failure (MTBF)/ Time Between Overhaul (TBO)
    • Ground service testing devices and special tools (BPS)
    • Required areas of competence
    • Required documentation
Fleet readiness

Fleet readiness

Fleet readiness devices the technical condition and the capability of technical devices as well as ground and air vehicles. The readiness indicates the currently available stock. This is significantly influenced by:

  1. Dislocation
  2. Maintenance cycles
  3. Resources
  4. Obsolescence

Influencing activities:

  1. Logistic Analysis using Simulation
  2. Logistics Support Analysis (LSA)
  3. Reliability, Maintainability and Testability analyses

Fleet readiness


fleet readiness

Maintenance cycles

  • Maintenance plans are used for scheduling time-based and/or performance-based maintenance measures. A maintenance message is generated for scheduled maintenance dates, from which a maintenance order is created.

    Non-coordinated maintenance plans lead to overstretched or overlapping maintenance cycles, which can have a negative effect on the readiness of a fleet.

  • Areas of activity:

    • Malfunction analysis and maintenance analysis for optimisation of the inspection system
    • Identification and optimisation of maintenance cycles as per ASD S4000P (ISMO process) and/or MSG3 analyses
    • Simplification of maintenance intervals (equipment maintenance conference)
    • Analysis of the equipment maintenance concept (MEK) with logistical simulation
fleet readiness


fleet readiness


  • Obsolescence is the unavailability, either pending or actual, of devices, components, equipment items, resources, processes, services and/or knowledge.

  • Obsolescence strategy - selection criteria:

    • Probability: How high is the risk of obsolescence occurring?
    • Impact:What is the impact on the system when obsolescence occurs?
    • Costs: How high are the most probable costs of eliminating the obsolescence?
Performance Based Logistics

Performance Based Logistics

PBL is a long-term agreement, which aims to optimise operational readiness and military capabilities while taking into account decreasing platform numbers (e.g. aircraft, ships).

  1. What is the PBL spectrum?
  2. Why are PBL contracts used?
  3. How are PBL contracts structured?

Perfomance based logistics
performance based logistics
  • What?

    1. Delivery Speed

    Ensures an acceptable logistical response time for e.g. delivery times, repair times

    1. Traditional support

    Purchasing of spare parts, tools and services such as repairs by employing the following

    Technical logistics consulting services (TLB)

    Development technical support services (ETB)

    Maintenance agreement (IRV)


performance based logistics

traditional support

  • Traditional support ensures that the product

    1. complies with the required state of technology,
    2. is operated economically and in compliance with legal provisions,
    3. is serviceable and can be supplied.
    1. TLB / ETB performances as per BLK 2015
      1. Product monitoring, maintenance and control
      2. Documentation and configuration Management
      3. Legal provisions (safety) and support capability
      4. Product readiness
      5. Product availability fundamentals
      6. System support centre
      7. Special Services
      8. Engineering
    2. Location Maintenance Agreement
      1. Plant
Delivery speed

delivery speed

  • The PBL agreement ensures an acceptable logistical response time for delivery times, repair times, etc.

    In the case of traditional support, the cost of spare parts and repairs are known. However, the availability of repairs and capacity to deliver are not guaranteed. The contracting authority remains responsible for the demand forecast for spare parts and detailed maintenance planning:

    • The uncertainty regarding the timely delivery of spare parts is eliminated through guaranteed delivery times or turnaround times, in particular for long lead items
    • Reduced product downtime
    • Increased planning reliability and quality
    • Delayed delivery > reduction of advantage > reduction of remuneration
performance based logistics

logistical availability

  • This PBL agreement ensures that the required equipment or service is readily available and can be used at all times. Services such as warehousing, purchasing and supplies of spare parts are transferred to the contractor. This in return ensures the availability of the service.

    Predicting how often parts are defective, must be purchased or must be repaired, as well as supply chain management, are difficult issues and are not the core competence of a contracting authority.

    • Outsourcing of material management or other services
    • "Hole in the wall" principle
    • Equipment / service is analysed and is made available if required
    • Risk of shortages/management to be transferred to the service provider
    • From "pay per part" to remuneration for provision of a service in terms of availability and reliability
performance based logistics

operational availability

  • This PBL agreement ensures the deployment readiness of a platform/subsystem, without technical shortcomings, for a defined time period as a percentage.

    The contractor operates and supports a platform/subsystem. The contracting authority focuses on a product and a functionality, and commissions a partner who takes care of the product Support.

    • Remuneration for the use of a product, not for equipment and personnel
    • The contracting authority ensures the required availability for smaller fleet sizes
    • Long-term agreement
    • "Win-Win" situation, since the contractor pursues the same goals (e.g., operational UAS, simulators) as the contracting authority
    • Full transparency
performance based logistics

mission assurance

  • This PBL agreement ensures the successful implementation of missions/tasks with the platform/subsystem being used.

    The contractor provides the operation and support of a platform/subsystem. The contracting authority focuses on a product and a functionality, and commissions a partner who takes care of the product Support.

    • Remuneration for the successful use of a product, not for the presence of a product/service
    • The contracting authority guarantees the performance of missions/tasks (e.g. personnel training, protection from cyberattacks)
    • Long-term agreement
    • "Win-win" situation, since the contractor is paid only if the contracting authority is successful
    • Full transparency
performance based logistics


  • The exact requirements of the product support system must be are defined in the contracts, including the bonus/malus system. This implies the transparent control/monitoring of the global supply chain.

    • Goal definition / risk Management
      • Illustration of a deployment concept and the order in a simulation
      • Identification of the optimal logistic strategy
      • Identification of the related key figures
    • Bonus / malus System
      • Calculation of performance costs
      • Evaluation of the effects of incentives
    • Contract structure
      • Unique requirements and responsibilities
      • Only verifiable requirements and key performance indicators
performance based logistics


  • The PBL approach ensures the sustainable maintenance of operational readiness and capabilities. Because the industry and the contracting authority share common objectives, a "win-win" situation results.

    • Benefits / Drivers
      • Reduced availability and readiness of capabilities owing to decreasing fleet sizes
      • Increasing costs of use and maintenance with limited Budgets
      • New and rapidly changing military requirements
    • Decision-making
      • Public Private Partnership
      • Upgrades or new development to keep up with technological advances
      • Common target definition (use of the product)
performance based logistics


  • PBL strategies have demonstrated a number of advantages in recent years when they have been used according to requirements.

    • Concentration of core Tasks
    • Budget can be planned in the long term
    • Long-term preservation of operational capability and readiness
      • Increased equipment availability
      • Reduced logistical response times
      • Shorter repair times
      • Significant reduction of supply backlogs
      • Significant reduction of excess equipment
      • Significant reduction of logistics costs
      • Increased reliability
      • Reduction in cases of obsolescence
      • Reduced costs
Forecasting ability

Forecasting ability

Forecasting ability is an integral part of the awareness and assessment capability of the project manager in BAAINBw to ensure a high level of preparedness and deployment readiness of the fleet. The fundamental basics of forecasting ability are:

  1. High data quality from fleet operation
  2. Feedback data from fleet operation and the maintenance industry
  3. Evaluation logic/analysis logic of the user or of the supporting industry
  4. Transparency of data

forecasting ability

data quality

  • High data quality is essential for forecasting ability. The fill level and plausibility of the collected data are the basic factors for the creation of a forecast.

    • Report Situation
      • Usability of Information
      • Significance of Information

    • Fill level of the relevant data fields
    • Plausibility of information
    • Reliability of information
forecasting ability

feedback data

  • Feedback data in this context means the information that ESG receives from the operation, maintenance and equipment management of weapons systems.

    • Operational data (from the associations – equipment maintenance levels 1+2)
    • Maintenance data (maintenance centres and industry – equipment maintenance levels 3+4)
    • Equipment management data


    • systems in utilisation operations for the history
    • SASPF


forecasting ability

evaluation & analysis logic

  • Evaluation logic / analysis logic are required to process data automatically and to produce results that are correct. The logics are implemented in tools to ensure standardized and consistent data Analysis.

    • Preventing multiple counting of malfunctions
    • Association and fleet-related malfunction counting
    • Performing forecasting calculations
    • Identifying and representing failure contexts
    • Detecting early failures and wear
    • Detecting repeated malfunctions
    • Representing survival probabilities
forecasting ability


  • The transparency of the operational behaviour of the systems/devices is an essential criterion for the operational readiness of a fleet in order to make equipment maintenance decisions based on technical and economic criteria.

    • Data entry consistency in the equipment maintenance level (MES) 1-4
    • Integrated analysis/evaluation of
      • Disturbance data (associations)
      • Maintenance data (industry/maintenance centres)
      • Equipment management data (scheduling data)
Spare parts availability

Spare parts availability

Ensuring the availability of spare parts and replacement parts is a task that must not be underestimated. Outage time and downtime of machinery and devices owing to spare parts that cannot be procured or can only be procured after a long delay can affect the success of the operation decisively.

ESG ensures the effective availability and/or stocking of spare parts and controls obsolescence in a targeted way.

  1. Proactive spare parts management
  2. Storage and transportation of equipment
  3. Obsolescence services
  4. Logistic analysis using simulation
  5. Lifecycle Cost Management (LCCM)

spare parts availability

proactive spare parts management

  • How many spare parts are needed when and where?

    ESG uses cost-efficient methods for spare parts optimisation.

    • Combined method from logistic simulation and the optimisation module
    • The optimisation module delivers the best cost efficiency and availability gains for the most significant spare parts
    • Optimisation according to costs
    • Optimisation according to availability
    • Material management of spare parts


The product life cycle uses a functional model and specific phases to describe the path of a product from beginning to end. There are a variety of life cycle models.

  1. Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) / Integrated Product Support (IPS)
  2. Safety
  3. Customer Product Management (CPM) phases:
    1. Analysis phase
    2. Implementation phase
    3. Operational phase


cpm phase - analysis

  • ILS / IPS is responsible for the development of the logistics concept and the definition of the logistical requirements in the analysis phase. The concept is primarily based on the operational requirements and the operational concept.

    • Identification of user requirements
    • Definition of the product logistics requirements
      • Availability, reliability, maintainability, testability, forecasting and feedback
    • Evaluation of alternative equipment solutions, including human and equipment resources
    • Identification and reduction of potential risks by means of studies, trials, models and simulations
    • Establishing a business model including the analysis and logistical assessment of alternatives and the life cycle cost estimate so that the implementation phase can be started

cpm phase - implementation

  • The implementation phase is the validation of the technical solution and the subsequent timely delivery for production of this solution to the user, including the associated logistical products.

  • In the implementation phase, ILS / IPS supports System Engineering and is responsible for providing all logistical products. This includes:


cpm phase - utilisation

  • The aim of the utilisation phase is the utilisation of the technical solution. All measures must be taken in this phase for preserving or restoring operational capability and readiness. The measures must be aligned with the operational and economic objectives.



Standard Application Software Product Families (SASPF) is software that has been derived from the standard SAP software and specially adapted for the Bundeswehr (german military). In the meantime, all airborne weapon systems, as well as other systems, operate within SASPF.

ESG supports the Bundeswehr and civilian service providers in data preparation, master data management and data quality management during migration or in operation.

  1. Logistical analyses of inventory data and movement data
  2. Master data and data quality management
  3. Equipment management in MDNpro and direct interface to SASPF
  4. Codification and cataloguing of NATO Equipment in N-CORE
  5. Consulting and support
  6. Logistical concepts

In-Theatre Logistics

In-Theatre Logistics

Logistics based on utilisation is an essential contribution to the operational readiness of the armed forces and requires the involvement of the economy.

ESG provides support in this context, including in the creation of installation packages in the construction or dismantling of deployment infrastructure (e.g. equipment lock operation), importation and repatriation of equipment, storage and transportation and recycling selection.

  1. Accommodation in the field and camp
  2. Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) and Logistics Support Analysis (LSA)
  3. Logistical concepts
  4. Equipment management including storage and transport of equipment
  5. Consulting and support including logistic analysis using simulation
  6. LCCM, product monitoring and safety
Drone-based distribution solutions

Drone-based distribution solutions

ESG is developing innovative concepts for future issues, as well as in the field of distribution logistics with drones.

All the (technical and logistical) skills and competences that are necessary for drone utilisation and drone defence are united under one roof in ESG.

A comprehensive approach is therefore successful for drone systems, from development and consulting to testing and operation.

  1. Participation in committees, such as DIN, on the subject of: "Distribution logistics with unmanned flight systems"
  2. Study "Are unmanned aerial vehicles contributing to load transport?“
  3. Drone defence system in use, including at the G7 Summit in ELMAU
  4. Logistical concepts and equipment management

Consulting and Support

Consulting and Support

ESG has been supporting the public contracting authority for decades through consulting and support services in the logistics field.

  1. Technical logistical support as per support services catalogue BLK 2015 for device equipment: Functional equipment/avionics/ground service testing devices and special tools
  2. Product monitoring and documentation
  3. Logistic consulting and concepts
  4. Logistic analysis using simulation
  5. In-service support for complex systems, such as COBRA
  6. SASPF / SAP consultancy
  7. IT and software consultancy
  8. Device and systems engineering
  9. Central control of technical logistics support services
  10. Personnel support for the customer



ESG provides documentation services for military and civilian aviation. The service is provided for descriptive documentation and spare parts documentation.

  1. Descriptive documentation, Interactive Electronic Technical Documentation (IETD) and spare parts documentation
    1. First draft in the context of establishing operational readiness (HdE)
    2. Modification service in line with the technical logistical support (TLB)
  2. Data management
    1. Managing IETD datasets
    2. Producing publications
  3. Technical illustration




References & Projects:

  1. Creating IETD in the Eurofighter project
  2. IETD support, including modification service and conversion of old documentation for the CH-53G/GS, MK-41 and BO-105 weapons systems
  3. Company with overall responsibility for IETD in the gliding parachute system project and follow-up projects
  4. Creation of IETD (part of descriptive documentation) in the CH-53 GA project
  5. Member of ARGE IETD P-3C, conversion of original documentation in IETD
  6. Creating IETD in the MEADS project
  7. Converting old documentation in IETD in the SASPF Tornado Project



Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)

  • The aim of ILS is to develop appropriate support concepts with low lifecycle costs.

    In accordance with ASD SX000i, ESG offers the following portfolio elements:

    • Computer resources
    • Design influence
    • Facilities and infrastructure
    • Maintenance
    • Manpower and personnel
    • Packaging, handling, storage and transportation
    • Product support management
    • Supply support
    • Support equipment
    • Sustainment Engineering
    • Technical data
    • Training

Logistics Support Analysis (LSA)

  • An LSA is a structured approach to the definition, analysis and quantification of logistical support services, as well as to the timely influencing of the product design in order to facilitate maintainability and to reduce life cycle costs.

  • Support for projects/products over the entire life cycle

    • Implementation of LSA in all project phases
    • LSA as an interdisciplinary approach with commercial, technical and logistic parts
    • Integration of a wide network of partners from industry and science (e.g. Bundeswehr University Munich).

    Maintained Standards: MIL-STD-1388-1A, MIL-STD-1388-2B, ASD S3000L, DEF-0060 and MIL-PRF-49506


Lifecycle Cost Management (LCCM)

  • The problems and tasks in the LCCM context are diverse and usually involve weapon systems. However, processes may also be involved, as may phases in the lifecycle of a product. The "Lifecycle cost management in the Bundeswehr (german military) through all CPM phases" regulation forms the basic Bundeswehr guideline.

  • The following principles must be observed in the effective application of LCCM

    • Integral consideration
    • Integration of all system life cycle management phases
    • Incorporation into a continuous Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)/Logistics Support Analysis (LSA) process
Logistic concepts

Logistic concepts

A logistic concept is a basic principle that can underlie a logistics system.

ESG supports the Bundeswehr in both logistics and projects across all Customer Product Management (CPM) phases, and also supports the industry and other authorities, for example in the development of innovative concepts for future projects, such as Distribution Logistics using drones.

Creation of:

Project-specific logistic concepts (PLK)

Equipment maintenance concepts (MEK)

Device maintenance concepts (GIK)

Concepts in the context of logistic deviation analyses

All concepts are closely related or are based on the results of configuration management and the Logistics Support Analysis (LSA).

Logistic analysis using simulation

Logistic analysis using simulation

  • Simulation enables the analysis of operational scenarios, taking account of alternative logistics strategies. In addition, the related costs can be estimated. Reliable statements for making an informed decision can only be derived from this combination.

    ESG supports your customers on the question of: "What logistics strategy is optimal for operation?"

    • Simulation can be a useful and reasoned management tool for decision-making to achieve
      • optimisation, visibility and transparency,
      • control expenditure minimisation and
      • planning improvements.
    • Fast, reliable, customised Responses
    • Early detection and remedying of expected Problems


Logistic analysis using simulation

References and projects

    • Analysis of logistical processes and logistics bulk data, including data quality management for optimising inventory and provisioning data as well as for scope assessment, e.g. using the InfoZoom® tool
    • Spare parts optimisation for cost-efficient storage
    • Analysis and treatment of data from SinN and SAP sources
    • Predictive analysis (maintenance) using the SmartData method
    • Simulation-based integrated capacity and systems management for the effective availability of equipment and human resources
    • Logistical structure and resources management, taking account of dynamic factors


Material Management

Material Management

  • Material management or equipment administration deals with the management and the temporal, quantitative, qualitative and, in some cases, spatial planning and control of equipment movements within an operation and between the operation and its environment.

    ESG coordinates the flow of goods between suppliers, customers, consumers and the warehouses. This makes ESG the logistics service provider for the material management of spare parts for the government and industry devices and systems. The Supply Chain Management for centralised and decentralised warehousing, including performance control, bottleneck management, forecasting and simulation is our focus.

    1. Logistic analysis for stockpiling strategies
    2. Use of our in-house MDNpro software for equipment management
    3. Consulting, support and logistic concepts
    4. Obsolescence Services
    5. Master data Management
    6. Training and education


Material Management

Material Management

References & Projects:

  1. Operation of the central Bundeswehr spare parts logistic (ZEBEL) and decentralised operation for the air force federal warehouse (BEL)
  2. Equipment and spare parts management: High-level services with in-house MDNpro software
  3. Transportation management and supply of the five state embossing shops (mints) with coin blanks
  4. Maintenance control (device management) for aircraft such as the P3C Orion
  5. Cooperation with Airbus DS in the fields of data management, equipment management, operational support, planning and logistics (hole in the wall) for the A400M aircraft
  6. After sales support and value added services (e.g. KIT)


Obsolescence Services

Obsolescence Services

  • ESG and its network have many years of experience in obsolescence management.

    The risks and costs of obsolescence can be minimised through strategic management by ESG and the appropriate strategy.

  • Obsolescence strategy

    1. Reactive (Strategy 1):
      1. Reacting to obsolescence issues to the extent that and as soon as they occur
    1. Proactive (Strategy 2):
      1. Acting before obsolescence occurs
      2. Timely action, early information gathering
      3. Preventive measures


Obsolescence Services

Obsolescence Services

  • ESG supports numerous Bundeswehr weapons systems through proactive obsolescence management within the framework of technical logistics support.

  • References and projects:

    • CH-53 product improvement
    • MK-41
    • Ground service testing devices and special tools (BPS)
    • COBRA


Product monitoring

Product monitoring

  • For ESG, product monitoring means the collection, processing and analysis of operational and maintenance data of more complex weapons systems.

    • Permanent monitoring of disturbance data in terms of device degradation/vulnerabilities
    • Evaluation of disturbance data and repair data
    • Evaluation of technical information from operating, maintenance, equipment management, repairers and OEMs
    • Production of transparency of the operational behaviour of the systems/devices in order to make equipment maintenance decisions based on technical and economic criteria


Product monitoring

Product monitoring

  • Data preparation and data analysis form the basis for the information, proposals, reports and data that ESG provides to its customers. In detail, this can be:

    • Failure rate analysis for the systems/modules of entire weapons systems
    • Device requirements planning for flying weapons system, such as the Tornado
    • Scope assessment for obsolete systems and assemblies with regard to final stockpiling
    • Checking the Time Between Overhaul (TBO) for Time Change Item (TCI) components
    • Creating weapon systems overviews for the Tornado and Transall weapons Systems


Product monitoring

Data quality

  • High data quality is the basis for solid failure rate analysis and forecasting.

    ESG applies diverse data checks and procedures in order to achieve such Quality.

    • Plausibility checking regarding data field fill levels
    • Data correction and completion
    • Block formation and data evaluation at the respective system level
    • Issuing of identifiers (e.g. confirmed/unconfirmed malfunction)
    • Detection and elimination of procedural errors (e.g. data entry errors)
    • Training / education of maintenance personnel


Product monitoring


  • As part of device and system engineering, ESG ensures the operation and availability of devices, subject to the legal provisions.

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For ESG, safety means protection of the environment from an object. This is in contrast to "security", meaning protection of the object from the environment. In this respect, ESG considers the following issues:

  1. Hazard assessment
  2. Environmental impact analysis
  3. Functional safety
  4. CE Marking


Hazard assessment

  • The aim of a hazard assessment is to identify the measures necessary for the safe deployment and use of work equipment in accordance with the occupational safety and health act and the German ordinance on hazardous substances and general principles.

    In particular, hazards which are associated with the use of the work equipment itself, and which are brought about at the workplace as a result of the interaction of the work equipment when used in conjunction with each other or with the substances used or the surrounding working environment, must be taken into account in the hazard assessment.

  • Standards:

    • Occupational safety and health act
    • German Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health
    • Places of employment guideline
    • Technical guidelines
    • DGUV



Hazard assessment

  • Methods:

    • Hazard assessment with OSIMA®

  • Military References:

    • UH TIGER, NH 90, Eurofighter, PATRIOT
    • DINGO 2, FENNEK, BPz, YAK, KPz Leopard, Wiesel, PUMA
    • Simulators, Field Camps

    Civil References:

    • Wernsing Feinkost GmbH



Environmental impact analysis

  • The environmental impact assessment (UVA) demonstrates the environmental loads that can be expected during the development, use and disposal of a product.

  • Services:

    • Definition phase and data collection
    • Pollutant identification and evaluation
    • Presentation of the results with comprehensive evaluation



Environmental impact analysis

  • Methods:

    • Manufacturer enquiry
    • Evaluate safety data Sheets
    • Evaluate technical data sheets


    • Hazardous Substances Ordinance
    • Chemicals Prohibition Ordinance
    • Legal provisions for waste disposal

  • References:

    • UH TIGER, NH 90, P3C- Orion
    • FENNEK, TPz Fuchs
    • Simulators
    • Eurofighter



Functional safety

  • Functional safety (FuSi) refers to the safety part of a system that depends on the correct functioning of the systems and external facilities.

  • References:

    • MEADS
    • COBRA
    • Simulators
    • VTOL UAV experimental vehicles



Functional safety

  • Methods:

    • Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA)
    • Functional Hazard Analysis (FHA)
    • System Safety Analysis (SSA)
    • Failure Modes and Effects (Criticality) Analysis (FME(C)A)
    • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
  • Standards:

    • DIN EN 61508
    • Mil - Std 882 E
    • ISO 26262 (ESG automotive)
    • SAE ARP 4754, 4761
    • DO -178 B/ DO - 254



CE marking

  • The manufacturer or EU importer uses the CE marking to declare "that the product meets the applicable requirements, which are laid down in the Community harmonisation legislation that deals with the application of these requirements."

  • References:

    • MEADS
    • COBRA
    • Simulators
    • VTOL UAV experimental vehicles



CE marking

  • Methods:

    • Risk assessment with OSIMA®

    Selected standards:

    • Machinery directive
    • Low voltage directive
    • Electromagnetic compatibility
  • References:

    • Simulators


System master data analysis

System master data analysis

  • System master data analysis covers all strategic, organisational, methodological and technological activities in relation to the master data of an organisation.Master data are the important basic data of a company in data processing, which are not modified over a certain time.

    ESG supports the customer in improving the quality of its data in order to optimise business processes and to minimise costs. The aim is to ensure the maximisation and long-term safeguarding of data quality, as well as to ensure cross-system and cross-application data consistency.

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System master data analysis

System master data analysis

    • Master data collection and maintenance of the
      • equipment masters
      • Technical object structures
        • Technical sites
        • Equipment items
      • Measuring points (meters)
      • Maintenance plans and maintenance (IH) instructions
      • IH parts lists
    • Bundeswehr SASPF central master data Management
      • Maintenance master data
      • Medical equipment master data
    • Development of a master data concept for Bundeswehr maintenance processes in SASPF
    • SASPF compliant provision of air force master data


Technical and non-technical investigations

Technical and non-technical investigation

A study is a scientific investigation of a single issue.

ESG primarily executes technical and non-technical investigations involving logistical and technical tasks for the Federal Government and industry.

  1. Study "Skills-based training in the Bundeswehr"
  2. Study "Are unmanned aerial vehicles contributing to load transport?“
  3. Study "Modul System Field Camp II"
  4. Case study on Bundeswehr availability and capacity management for the Leopard battle tank
  5. Consulting and support
  6. Logistic analysis using simulation



A tool is a system program or a utility program, and is therefore an application for computer to perform digital and automated processes.

ESG support processing personnel with tools in the field and in the tasks of hazard assessment, codification, equipment management, etc.

OSIMA®: Hazard assessment

N-CORE: Codification and cataloguing of NATO equipment

MDNpro: Equipment management system

APART: S2000M content management system

QuILS: Equipment maintenance activities

InfoZoom®: Evaluation and analysis tool



  • OSIMA® is the intelligent software solution for creating and documenting your risk assessment.

    A well thought out, structured approach will relieve you of unnecessary administrative work. In addition to this facilitation, OSIMA® also improves the quality and efficiency of your occupational safety and Organisation.

  • An integrated law database, which is unique on the market, also supports you in the monitoring of and compliance with all statutory regulations.



  • N-CORE is the leading solution for the worldwide codification of military equipment for NATO coding bureaux, armed Services, the public Domain and industry.

    N-CORE is an easy-to-use, web-based information system, which is based on the rules and procedures of the NATO Classification System (NCS) as per the ACodP-1 specifications NATO manual.

  • It supports all national and international codification processes and enables decentralized database maintenance. N-CORE consists of a core system, which covers the most important and essential codification processes and a wide range of additional modules, such as a certified standard interface to SAP and interface to MAXIMO.



  • Together with MDN, ESG operates its own equipment management system and uses its own software solution to control facilities such as the central Bundeswehr spare parts warehouse, A400M equipment management and the decentralised air force federal warehouse.

    • Easy system access for external customers and partners
    • Variable warehouse management
    • Device management with repair tracking
    • Control station (data warehouse) with evaluation options
    • Capacity for interfacing to SAP or other ERP systems
    • Plan number-oriented computational models for target calculation, including needs simulation and a material and financial forecasting tool
    • Bottleneck parts management, stop work procedure
    • Graphical information about maintenance processes and requirements simulations with bottleneck assessment


  • APART is a content management system to create and manage materiel management data according to the specification ASD S2000M. It is adapted for both, data creation at the defence industry as well as data observation and further processing at the armed forces.

    APART permits efficient management of multilingual and voluminous materiel management projects with complex data structure. The creation of S1000D-IPD-data modules, generation of spare parts lists as well as extensive import/export-functionalities allows an integrated use of the material management data in your ILS development process.

  • Project specific quality rules ensure that all data is complete, consistent and according to the requirements of the guidance document.

    APART supports the national regulations to ASD S2000M (DB Spec) of the german armed forces and provides exchange of codification data with national codification bureaus like the german “Logistikkommando der Bundeswehr”.



  • The intelligent linking of units of information – based on ASD S1000D – about spare parts, tools, personnel qualifications and repair times offers transparent representation and control of equipment maintenance activities.

    The use of Interactive Electronic Technical Publication (IETP) supports users in effective documentation research. Paired with logistical functionality and quality-secured data exchange, this opens up significant potential for optimisation.

  • The customer is supported in this by QuILS retrieval, the documentation and logistics resource management solution from the ESG logistical product family. Equipment maintenance activities and spare parts catalogues are integrated into upstream, complementary and subordinate logistical processes, thereby highlighting cost savings and ensuring more effective and efficient repairs.



  • ESG uses the InfoZoom® tool for the evaluation and analysis of bulk data, making it possible to view any quantity of data at the press of a button and ensuring transparent and uniform comprehension of the data for all stakeholders. It enables flexible and quick selections, as well as targeted ad hoc evaluations. The customer receives answers to questions that had not yet come into focus – new correlations are uncovered within the data.

    • Requirements-oriented analyses and user-friendly operation
    • Detection of incorrect or missing data to improve data quality
    • Timely support for informed decisions
    • Can also be used with BI, ERP, and CRM systems


The term training is a general term for all processes that bring about a change in development.

As a software and systems company, ESG offers a range of products that are tailored to customers' needs. In addition to development and a user help desk, users are trained and educated by our trainers to ensure that they are able to make more effective use of their applications and tools.

  1. Training simulator, TIGER, JFST, MK41, CH-53
  2. Cyber Training Center (CTC) with seminars, workshops and in-house training courses
  4. User training for products such as MDNpro, OSIMA®
  5. SeLa system training for all aeronautical personnel